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The Skilled Occupation List (SOL)

The SOL is a really useful tool for giving people who want to migrate to Australia a clear idea of just what skills are in short supply here over the next three to five years. You can check if your skills are needed in Australia by referring to the current list on the department’s website.

What is the SOL and what does it do?

The Skilled Occupation List (SOL) is a list of skilled occupations that deliver high value skills needed by the Australian economy. The SOL only applies to independent, that is non-employer sponsored or State/Territory government nominated skilled migration. It aims to meet medium- to long-term skills needs of high value occupations, rather than immediate short term shortages. This means your occupation must be on the SOL if you are applying for:

• points based skilled migration independently (not nominated by a State or Territory government);

• Subclass 485 (Temporary Graduate visa in the graduate work stream); or

• family sponsored stream of the Subclass 489 Skilled Regional (Provisional) visa.

Who updates it, and how?

Every year, the SOL is reviewed and re-examined by the Australian Workforce and Productivity Agency (AWPA) and as a result of this review, the SOL is updated on 1 July. When AWPA reviews the SOL, it uses a combination of macro-economic data, labour market data and consultations with relevant industry bodies to identify occupations where independent skilled migration is a sensible approach to help ensure a good match between supply and demand for skills in the medium and longer term. This year’s review included submissions from unions, peak industry associations, industry skills councils and a range of professional associations.
When providing advice as to what occupations should be included on the SOL, AWPA takes into account factors such as an occupation’s skill level, the lead time necessary to develop the required skills, whether the skills are deployed for the use intended and the economic impacts of a skills shortage in particular occupations.
AWPA advised the Minister for Immigration and Citizenship on the 2013 SOL, including some changes, which you can see here

Are there options available if my Nominated Occupation isn’t on the SOL?

If you don’t have an occupation on the SOL, you may be eligible for State and Territory nomination or employer sponsorship. Employers, as well as States and Territory governments, have access to a wider range of occupations on the Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List (CSOL). We’ll have a look at the CSOL in my next blog post.

Comments (50)

If a candidate get ENS after 2 years of 457 Visa, why does he required relevant original education certificates for Permanent residency?
as on 457 Visa processing, All certificates already has been processed by Embassy, they why do it again required for reprocessing.

In my case, I have all relevant original certificates overseas in native country. unable to get it for a year.

can you please suggest?

Hi Jack

Thanks for your question. If you are applying for ENS through the Temporary Residence Transition stream you are, generally, not required to provide evidence of your skills and qualifications. This is because the Department has already assessed these documents as part of your Subclass 457 visa application and your employer has 'tested' your skills during the past two-years that they have employed you.

For more information on what documents are required to be supplied to the Department please refer to this link

I hope this information is of assistance.

I have done civil engineering degree. can i get PR ?

Hello,I am from India(female) a social worker with 3 years experience in an NGO.Done masters,got 6.5 IELTS score.
My brother has got PR in subclass 190 recently(he has to move to Perth before September) and my mother father would like to move with him but i have heard i can not accompany them.
How should i apply my visa?In which category that i become eligible and get to stay with my family?
Please guide as here in India agents charge a lot of money and i want to apply for the visa all by myself.


Thank you for your comment.

For information on the type of visa that suits your specific circumstances, check the Department's website here

i am from Bangladesh want to migrate Australia by 189 visa.
I did my bachelor degree in 2006 which was held 2008 from sylhet agricultural university,Bangladesh. My subject was doctor of veterinary medicine.

After finish my graduation to till now I have engaged in a job as a livestock officer in a DFID funded NGO named CLP for more then 1.5 years and then to till now engaged as senior technical sales executive in a multinational company named C.P. Bangladesh Company limited(it might be 3.7 years)

i have no ielts score but i am preparing myself to take ielts exam.but our honours study(5 years) in fully english medium and also my company CP Bangladesh maintain an environment where english is the first language.
another point is that i have already fill up the skill select online form but i did not submit it because of i have no ielts score.
my question is that,
can i illegibleto apply for 189 visa ?
can i submitt the skill select without ielts score?
please suggest me.

Thank you for your comment.

You need to have competent English to apply for a 189 visa. See this link for more information

i am interested in 190 visa under ANZCO 261313, i need futher 5 points,
my wife is university lecturer, her occupation is not included in SOL. i visit consolidated skill occupation list , i found VETASSESS 242111, also NSW is offering VETASSESS 242111. currently i ve 50 points, if i got nomination , they will be 55, can i claim 5 more from Partner Skills ?

If you are State/Territory government nominated, your wife can nominate an occupation on the CSOL. She may claim partner points if she meets all the legislative requirements for the award of partner points. See this link for more information


i need to ask a more query regarding experience points (ANZCO 261313).

i did my Bachelor in Computer Science (3 Years), after bachelor, i got admission in M.Sc CS (2 years) in evening program.
but i stated my full time jobs while my study period of MSc, i got free from MSc in 07/2007. from 2007 my experience is based on 5 Years (10 points), but if i count the experience from my M.Sc CS era, its little mode than 8 years (15 points)
i would like to ask, whether DIAC will count my experience from from my era of Masters or they will count it from 2007 when i finished my Masters (evening program).
some cased i ve seen where ACS count full experience from study periods but DIAC applies different rules.

kind regards

Is the occupation ceiling going to be released soon in this month? I thought it should be released on 1st July, but it didn't.

Hello, I would like to know is Graphic Design in the SOL? Thanks ypu very much

Hi there,

This is balram kumar timilsina. i have done 3 trade course which is as follows:
Diploma of Information technology-2 years
Diploma of Business management-2 years
Advance Diploma Of Information Technology- 2 years.

I know that these certificate doesn't meet the catagory of SOL but My question is: Is there any possibility there where i can apply Permanent residency as above certificates. Cause it's been more than 5 years I am studying but still stuck what to do or what not to do. Can you Please help me out with that.
Thank you
Your's Faithfully,
Balram Kumar Timilsina

I am a mechanical engineer. I work as an applications engineer for a company. Will my job profile affect have any effect (positive or negative) on my EOI expression.

I have qualifications that fit 2 occupations on the SOL. Is it possible to apply for both or do I have to choose one? Thank you.

hi! My name is Damir I have 33 years and I'm writing you from the Croatian. I am a welder and I have 9 years of experience as a welder in a shipyard.
I was wondering if I have any chance to find an employer who would sponsor me for a visa?


The new SOL does not include the cap limit for each occupation. Any idea when it will be released?


I dont know how to start really? i have been helping my friends and family to migrate? and Fees how much really for general migration for nurses, and the assessment

Hi Elma,

Thank you for your comment. The best place to start your research is on the SkillSelect pageof the Department's website. Here you will find lots of information including visas, criteria, conditions and pricing.

Hi Z,

Thank you for your comment.

The occupation ceilings were reset on 1 July 2013. Information on occupation ceilings is available if you go here and click on the reports tab.

Hi Vanessa,

Thanks for your prompt reply. However, the link you sent me did not provide me an answer to my previous question.

I'm well aware that the occupation ceiling has been reset on the 1st of July, but the occupation ceiling list shown under the "reports" tab shows otherwise. It was last updated on the 24th of June and the new one has not been released.

My question is, does anybody know when it will be updated again to reflect on the changes they have made in this financial year? Will there be any changes to the cap limits for each occupation?

Best regards,

Hi Z,

The link I gave you is where the information will be posted, when it is available. We will have to wait until this data is published to see if there has been a change.

Hi Damir,

Thank you for your comment. Please note, the Department of Immigration and Citizenship does not get involved in finding a sponsor for potential overseas workers wanting to work in Australia. Information on Employer Sponsored Visas is available here

Hi Liliana,

Thank you for your comment. You need to nominate one skilled occupation on the SOL. More information is available at this link

Sir i am graduate and from welder field. I have 5 years exps. And mt broth and sister allready setteled in aus. Pls give me right direction on my visa process

Hi Tejinder,

Thank you for your comment. you need to take a look at SkillSelect where you will find lots of imformation on which visa you might apply for.

Hi Nasir,

Thank you for your comment. I believe your question relates to skilled employment on your EOI.
Please note, skilled employment must be in your nominated occupation or a closely related occupation. Under departmental policy, mechanical engineer is not closely related to applications engineer.

Hi Balram,

Thank you for your comment.

The diplomas you have undertaken may not meet the requirements of a skilled occupation on the SOL. You may wish to check the Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List (CSOL) available here

Please note, CSOL is only available for clients who are nominated by a State or Territory government, or employer sponsored. You can find more information here

Hi Chantha,

Thank you for your comment. Graphic Designer is not included on the SOL.

Hi David,

Thank you for your comment.

The occupation ceilings were reset on 1 July 2013. Information on occupation ceilings is available if you go here and click on the reports tab.

Thanks for your reply, Vanessa. But are you sure you gave me the correct link? Did you mean http://www.immi.gov.au/skills/skillselect/ ?

If you did mean the reports tab on SkillSelect page --- the occupation ceiling on this page is out of date. The SOL has already been updated and 5 occupations were removed. However, the removed occupations are still on this page's occupation ceilings list.

So my guess is the occupation ceiling for this financial year can't be exactly the same as last year's. Am I right?

Hi David,

Thank you for your comment. The link I gave you is where you will find the new ceilings data, when it is available. Keep checking back.

Hi Kashif,

Thank you for your comment.

The Department of Immigration and Citizenship takes into consideration the opinion provided by the relevant assessing authority for a skilled occupation to be awarded points for skilled employment.

Hi Anwar,

Thank you for your comment.

Civil Engineer is on the SOL and you may submit an EOI for a Skilled Independent (subclass 189) visa

Hi I am chemical engineer, I have done my EOI for NSW, i was wondering whick state is offering sponsorship to chemical engineer in currernt lot.
How many allocation are in total for chem engineers state wise, as there is no updated list in immi website.

Hi Muddsar,

Thank you for your comment. The new occupation ceiling data will be published under the Reports tab on the SkillSelect page, when it is available. Keep checking back. You could also check with individual state government webistes to see what is happening there.

How can you apply as an accountant?

Hi Eugene,

Thank you for your comment. You need to have a look at SkillSelect where you will find all the information you need on how to apply to migrate as an Accountant.


I have a confusion with respect to the ceilings. Are you going to release a new "occupation ceilings list" for the 2013-2014 period, or the ceilings for each occupation are exactly the same as they were for the 2012-2013 period?

In particular, I have just been confirmed that Engineers Australia have assesed and verified the validity of my degree and work experience and thus I already have 60 points to apply for the Skilled Independent (subclass 189) visa. My occupational classification is Electronics Engineer ANZSCO 233411, one of the occupations that reached the ceiling some months ago (for the 2012-2013 period). If I understand correctly, right now there are 480 vacancies for Electronics Engineers (the same 480 vacancies that we had in July 2012). So in other words, I can and should send my EOI right now. Is this OK?

Thank you in advance.

Best regards,


Hi Juan,

Thank you for your comment. The new ceilings will be posted under the reports tab here in due course. Keep checking to see the new listings.

Hi there,

My occupation have reached its annual occupational ceiling(2012-2013). In immigration website it shows that it will be reset on July 1st 2013. but when I check the list it is still on its maximum. will that be updated soon for 2013-2014 or there is no more invitation for my occupation for 2013-2014?

I checked in the immigration website on 05-07-2013.


Hi Sathish,

Thank you for your comment.

The new information on occupation ceilings will be posted under the reports tab here when it is available.

I cannot view the occupational ceiling reset in the reports tab. It reflects the old information of July 2012-2013. Will the number for a specific occupation increased compared to last time.

Hi Arun,

Thank you for your comment.

The reports tab is where the information will be posted when it is available.

i am 36.graduate in department of sculpture and now working in department of Archaeology as a Modelar for last 9 yr. Is there relevant scope to migrate in Australia in my field. Thanks and waiting for ur early reply.

Hi Shamina,

Thank you for your comment. You need to check here to see if you have an occupation suitable for migration. That page will give you further links that will assist you.

hi i am a british council certified english language teacher and had an experience of more that 3ree years...am i eligible to apply pr

Nick singh

Hi Nick,

Thank you for your comment. You need to have a look here where you will find a huge amount of imformation on the criteria you need to meet to apply for a visa.


I have done homopathy in newzealand. is homeopathy available for skilled occupation or not?

I am driving truck in NZ. If i get job offer as driver in australia can I apply for work visa or not?

Hi Pardepp,

Thank you for your comment. Homeopathy is not on the SOL. Truck Driver is a skill level 4 so is not on the SOL or the CSOL. You need to check here to see if you meet the criteria to apply for a visa.